Guidelines on how to move to Germany from the US. They are available pathways for Americans that wants to move out.
Over 11 million immigrants are living in Germany, according to the 2020 report of the German Federal Office of Statistics – more than 110,000 of them are Americans.
But, why is Germany such a popular country to move to, and how to move to Germany from the US? The short answers are “universal healthcare, free education, strong economy, and the high quality of life,” and “by applying for a residence permit.” Read on for the long answer.
Do I Need a Visa to Move to Germany From The US?
As a US citizen, you do not need a long-stay visa to enter Germany. But, if you plan to stay longer than three months, you must apply for a residence permit in the first few days of your arrival. Remember that you can stay in Germany visa-free for up to three months, and only for tourist reasons. If you want to work, you always need to apply for authorization.
To get legal advice about moving to Germany from the United States we recommend you get in touch with a law representative at Schlun & Elseven Rechtsanwälte.
German Residence Permits for US Citizens
After arriving in Germany, you will receive a temporary residence permit valid for one to four years. Here are the most common temporary residence permits, depending on the reason you are moving:
- Residence permit for studying
- Residence permit for employment
- Residence permit for family reunification
- Residence permit for freelancing
- EU Blue Card
Permanent Settlement Permit
Once you have lived in Germany for at least four years, you can become a settled resident. The German settlement permit will grant you the right to live in Germany indefinitely. In addition, once you are a settled resident, you can change jobs without applying for a new permit, you won’t have to apply for permit renewal every couple of years, and you’ll enjoy the benefits of German citizens without having to forfeit your American citizenship.
Legal representatives at Schlun & Elseven Rechtsanwälte are able to assist you during the process of obtaining a german permanent residence permit.
How Can US Citizens Apply for a German Residence Permit?
You can apply for a residence permit at the Foreigner’s Authority after you arrive in Germany. However, suppose you are moving for employment and want to work immediately after arrival. In that case, you can get your residence permit from a German mission in the US before you travel. Here’s a rundown of your two options:
|If you are applying from the United States||If you are applying in Germany|
|When?||Apply at least one month before you plan to travel.||Apply in the first three months of your arrival.|
|Where?||At the German embassy or consulate responsible for your state or jurisdiction.||At the local Ausländerbehörde (Immigration/Foreigner’s Authority).|
|How?||If you are in the US when you apply, set up an appointment with the German Embassy and submit the documents in person. The embassy/consulate forwards the documents to the Ausländerbehörde in Germany.||Set an appointment, collect your documents, and submit your residence permit application directly at the local Ausländerbehörde.|
|Processing time||One to three months.||Two to three weeks.|
|Cost||€75 for the permit.$35 to mail your passport back.||€100|
Things to Know When Moving to Germany From The US
After arriving in Germany, here are the main things you need to do:
If you have not already done so, you must find a place to live as soon as you can. Like in the US, most people look for apartment listings online, which means you need to spend some time browsing
Although opting for a real estate agency may seem preferable, it may be too expensive.
You must get your accommodation settled immediately since you need to register your address before applying for a residence permit.
Something else to remember is that you may have to pay three months’ rent as a security deposit when you first move in.
Register at the Resident’s Registration Office
Next, you should register at the local Resident’s Registration Office (Einwohnermeldeamt). You must do this within one week of your arrival since you need the registration certificate you receive when applying for the residence permit.
You will usually receive your registration certificate on the same day, but you must schedule an appointment with your local Einwohnermeldeamt first.
Get Health Insurance
Germany has universal healthcare, so after moving there, you must be properly insured. If you are employed in Germany, your employer will normally enroll you in a health insurance scheme. Most German citizens and residents are enrolled under the public (statutory) insurance scheme, but workers with high incomes and freelancers are allowed to purchase private insurance.
Set up a Bank Account
You need a German bank account to easily access your money, receive your salary, make payments, etc. It is best to open an account in one of the more popular banks in Germany, as they have more experience with expats. To open a German bank account, you must have a certificate of registration.
Although it is not essential to have a German bank account (you can keep your international bank account), it is easier for daily transactions.
When you show up for your residence permit application, you should have proof of having opened a bank account, as well as a document with your bank balance.
Shipping Personal Effects to Germany from the US
The most difficult process of moving to Germany from the US for most expats is shipping their personal belongings overseas. The process is complicated, pricey, and time-consuming. There are several rules you have to follow regarding what you can and what you cannot ship. Additionally, you need to provide a detailed inventory of everything that you are bringing with you. Plus, some items may be subjected to taxes.
So, to make this process easier, most expats prefer to hire an international moving company and have them deal with the shipping process. However, you have to keep in mind that professional companies can be costly depending on the number of items and where you are located in the US.
If you’re not sure which company to hire or even where to start, then MoveAdvisor offers free-of-charge services where they can put you in contact with a lot of companies to help you. Their form is relatively simple to use— put in your moving details, and you will get immediately get free quotes with reviews, then all you have to do is choose the movers that meet your standards.